Prevention begins in childhood

  • It is important to promote bone health at all ages
  • Childhood and young adulthood are the bone building years
  • As children grow, their bone mass increases until it reaches what is called peak bone mass  (“PBM”) .
  • PBM  is the greatest amount of bone an individual can attain
  • PBM is reached in the late teens and early 20’s
  • Children and adolescents who have higher PBM reduce their risk of osteoporosis later in life

What can I do to help my child and teen build and protect their bones?

  • Provide a well balanced diet including calcium rich foods such as milk, yogurt, green leafy vegetables and calcium fortified foods
  • Be sure your child gets the right amount of vitamin D
  • Be sure your child is physically active – Children and teens need to be active everyday and get at least 60 minutes of moderate exercise
  • If you observe your child or teen exercising or dieting to excess, speak to them and your healthcare provider
  • Stress the importance of healthy life-style choices including avoiding smoking and avoiding underage alcohol consumption since they are harmful to bones
  • Teach about the importance of wearing a seatbelt and using protective equipment for sports such as a helmet, and knee pads to protect bones
  • Speak to your child’s healthcare provider about their bone health
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